Student perceptions of AAE (Hendricks et al., 2021)
presentationposted on 25.08.2021, 21:53 by Alison Eisel Hendricks, Makayla Watson-Wales, Paul E. Reed
Purpose: Despite the increased awareness that all dialects are valid linguistic forms, perceptions of African American English (AAE) use are often negative in the general population. Students training for careers as speech-language pathologist (SLPs) are required to have coursework relating to cultural and linguistic diversity. However, little is known about the perceptions of AAE among students in SLP programs.
Method: Seventy-three students from 46 randomly selected university programs in the United States completed an online survey including explicit statements regarding the validity of AAE and a matched-guide task assessing participants’ implicit perceptions of AAE. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four audio pairings that differed in terms of the dialect spoken and the formality of the conversational context. Participants rated the speaker on 11 attributes (e.g., literate/illiterate, rich/poor) using the Revised Speech Dialect Attitudinal Scale.
Results: Participants indicated positive opinions of statements on the validity of AAE. However, across three categories of personal attributes—sociointellectual, aesthetic, and dynamism—participants who heard the Mainstream American English recordings rated the speaker differently than recordings including AAE.
Conclusions: Students in SLP programs express positive opinions regarding AAE, and yet, they rate speakers who speak AAE lower in personal attributes. The results highlight the importance of expanding training for future SLPs to include not only explicit statements about the value of AAE but also activities addressing implicit perceptions of dialect use. We provide a brief discussion of how the current data can be implemented for such an activity. Lesson plans and materials are provided as supplemental materials.
Supplemental Material S1. How to: Increasing your cultural humility.
Hendricks, A. E., Watson-Wales, M., & Reed, P. E. (2021). Perceptions of African American English by students in speech-language pathology programs. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_AJSLP-20-00339
Publisher Note: This article is part of the Forum: Increasing Diversity in the Communication Sciences and Disorders Workforce, Part 1.
Read the peer-reviewed publication
African American Englishstudentspeech-language pathologySLPperceptionprogramsdialectAAEcultural and linguistic diversityUnited Statessurveyuniversitycollegeimplicitaudioformalityconversationcontextratingliteracysocioeconomic statussociointellectualaestheticdynamismMainstream American Englishrecordingsopinionstraininglesson planRevised Speech Dialect Attitudinal Scale