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Self-Judgments in Acquired Apraxia of Speech (Wambaugh et al., 2016)

journal contribution
posted on 16.12.2021, 22:59 by Julie Wambaugh, Linda Shuster, Dallin J. Bailey, Shannon Mauszycki, Jacob Kean, Christina Nessler, Sandra Wright, Jessica Brunsvold
Purpose: The ability to recognize one’s own speech errors has long been considered a clinical feature of acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) despite limited empirical data supporting this notion. This study was designed to (a) investigate the ability of speakers with AOS to self-judge the accuracy of their own word productions and (b) examine the test–retest stability of a measure to quantify the self-judgments of speakers with AOS.
Method: Twenty-four speakers with AOS and aphasia repeated mono- and multisyllabic words. After each word, they indicated whether their production was correct or incorrect. This procedure was repeated 1 week later to examine performance stability.
Results: Percentage of incorrect word productions was stable for the group across times. Accuracy of judgments ranged from 64% to 100% at Time 1 and from 56% to 100% at Time 2. Inaccurate judgments of error productions (false positives) occurred much more frequently than inaccurate judgments of correct productions (false negatives).
Conclusions: Error production was remarkably stable in our participants. As a group, the participants failed to detect almost one third of words produced erroneously. However, accuracy and stability of judgments over sampling times varied across participants. Findings suggest that error awareness might be a worthwhile target for treatment in some individuals with AOS.

Funding

This research was supported by United States Department of Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Merit Review Award RX-000363-01A1 and Research Career Scientist Award 23727.

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