Speech therapy interventions for apraxia of speech (Munasinghe et al., 2023)
Purpose: This systematic review aims to summarize and evaluate the available literature on speech and language therapy interventions for acquired apraxia of speech since 2012.
Method: A systematic search in six electronic databases was performed from 2013 to 2020. The following primary outcomes were summarized: (a) improvement in targeted behaviors, (b) generalization, and (c) maintenance of outcomes. Moreover, studies were evaluated for the level of evidence and the clinical phase.
Results: Of the 3,070 records identified, 27 studies were included in this review. The majority of the studies (n = 22) used articulatory kinematic approaches followed by intersystemic facilitation/reorganization treatments (n = 4) and other approaches (n = 1). According to the classes defined in Clinical Practice Guideline Process Manual (Gronseth et al., 2017), one was Class II, 10 were Class III, 10 were Class III-b (fulfill Class III criteria except for independence of assessors’ criterion), and five were Class IV. In terms of clinical phase, one study classified as Phase III, 10 as Phase II, and 15 as Phase I.
Conclusions: Among the interventions for apraxia of speech, articulatory kinematic treatments have become prominent over the last 8 years. Focusing on self-administrated therapies, use of technology for therapy administration and development of treatments that focus on apraxia of speech and aphasia simultaneously were identified as new advancements in the apraxia of speech literature. The methodological quality, clinical phase, and level of evidence of the studies have improved within the past 8 years. Large-scale randomized controlled trials for articulatory kinematic approaches and future studies on other treatment approaches are warranted.
Supplemental Material S1. PRISMA Checklist 2020.
Supplemental Material S2. Search strategies for databases.
Supplemental Material S3. Data extraction sheets.
Supplemental Material S4. AMSTAR 2 Rating.
Munasinghe, T. U., Ariyasena, A. D. K., & Siriwardhana, D. D. (2023). Speech therapy interventions for acquired apraxia of speech: An updated systematic review. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2022_AJSLP-21-00236