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S1_JSLHR-23-00245croft.pdf (132.69 kB)

Post-event processing in adults who stutter (Croft & Byrd, 2023)

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posted on 2023-10-10, 20:35 authored by Robyn L. Croft, Courtney T. Byrd

Purpose: Post-event processing, defined by self-critical rumination following a stressful communication event, is significantly associated with reduced quality of life. However, despite its relevance to the stuttering experience, to date, only a few studies have investigated post-event processing among adults who stutter, and no study has identified clinical and psychosocial predictors of post-event processing. The purpose of this study was to determine the contributions of clinical markers of stuttering and psychosocial variables to post-event processing.

Method: Adults who stutter (N = 96) participated in two virtual sessions. After completing the Trier Social Stress Test, a standardized social stress task in Session 1, participants completed measures of post-event processing, clinical markers of stuttering (i.e., the experience of stuttering, self- and observer-rated stuttering severity), and psychosocial characteristics (i.e., self-perceived performance, self-esteem, social anxiety, trait, and state self-compassion) in Session 2.

Results: Hierarchical linear regression models indicated that a more negative experience of stuttering, higher self-rated stuttering severity, and greater social anxiety predicted more post-event processing. Greater self-perceived performance and state self-compassion predicted less rumination. Observer-rated severity, self-esteem, and trait self-compassion were not significantly associated with post-event processing behavior.

Conclusion: Findings reveal clinical and psychosocial variables to consider in the assessment and mitigation of post-event processing behavior in adults who stutter, and to bolster resiliency to social stress.

Supplemental Material S1. R code.

Croft, R., & Byrd C. T. (2023). Clinical and psychosocial predictors of post-event processing in adults who stutter. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication.


This project was completed with support from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number F31DC020117-01, awarded to the first author, and the Blank Foundation Legacy Grant, awarded to the second author.