ASHA journals
Suppl_JSLHR-22-00594Masapollo.pdf (2.23 MB)

Interarticulator speech coordination (Masapollo & Nittrouer, 2023)

Download (2.23 MB)
online resource
posted on 2023-02-24, 19:50 authored by Matthew Masapollo, Susan Nittrouer

Purpose: In skilled speech production, sets of articulators, such as the jaw, tongue, and lips, work cooperatively to achieve task-specific movement goals, despite rampant contextual variation. Efforts to understand these functional units, termed coordinative structures, have focused on identifying the essential control parameters responsible for allowing articulators to achieve these goals, with some research focusing on temporal parameters (relative timing of movements) and other research focusing on spatiotemporal parameters (phase angle of movement onset for one articulator, relative to another). Here, both types of parameters were investigated and compared in detail.

Method: Ten talkers recorded nonsense, disyllabic /tV#Cat/ utterances using electromagnetic articulography, with alternative V (/ɑ/−/ɛ/) and C (/t/−/d/), across variation in rate (fast–slow) and stress (first syllable stressed–unstressed). Two measures were obtained: (a) the timing of tongue-tip raising onset for medial C, relative to jaw opening–closing cycles and (b) the angle of tongue-tip raising onset, relative to the jaw phase plane.

Results: Results showed that any manipulation that shortened the jaw opening-closing cycle reduced both the relative timing and phase angle of the tongue-tip movement onset, but relative timing of tongue-tip movement onset scaled more consistently with jaw opening-closing across rate and stress variation.

Conclusion: These findings suggest the existence of an intrinsic timing mechanism (or “central clock”) that is the primary control parameter for coordinative structures, with online compensation then allowing these structures to achieve their goals spatially.

S1. Summary of token means of JVC durations, TT movement onset latencies and TT phase angles for each talker and each utterance.

S2. Main effect of production rate on maximum jaw displacement

S3. Main effect of production rate on jaw vowel-cycle duration

S4. Main effect of stress pattern on maximum jaw displacement

S5. Main effect of stress pattern on jaw vowel-cycle duration

S6. Main effect of vowel quality on maximum jaw displacement

S7. Main effect of vowel quality on jaw vowel-cycle duration

S8. Main effect of medial consonant on maximum jaw displacement

S9. Main effect of medial consonant on jaw vowel-cycle duration

S10. ANOVA results for JVC Duration

S11. ANOVA results for Maximum Jaw Displacements

S12. ANOVA results for TT Movement Onset Latencies

S13. ANOVA results for TT Phase Angles

Masapollo, M., & Nittrouer, S. (2023). Interarticulator speech coordination: Timing is of the essence. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 66(3), 901–915.


The research reported in this article was supported by a Research Opportunity Seed Fund award from the University of Florida (PI: Masapollo).