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The Language Exposure Assessment Tool (DeAnda et al., 2016)

journal contribution
posted on 2022-02-23, 05:35 authored by Stephanie DeAnda, Laura Bosch, Diane Poulin-Dubois, Pascal Zesiger, Margaret Friend
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop the Language Exposure Assessment Tool (LEAT) and to examine its cross-linguistic validity, reliability, and utility. The LEAT is a computerized interview-style assessment that requests parents to estimate language exposure. The LEAT yields an automatic calculation of relative language exposure and captures qualitative aspects of early language experience.
Method: Relative language exposure as reported on the LEAT and vocabulary size at 17 months of age were measured in a group of bilingual language learners with varying levels of exposure to French and English or Spanish and English.
Results: The LEAT demonstrates high internal consistency and criterion validity. In addition, the LEAT’s calculation of relative language exposure explains variability in vocabulary size above a single overall parent estimate.
Conclusions: The LEAT is a valid and efficient tool for characterizing early language experience across cultural settings and levels of language exposure. The LEAT could be a useful tool in clinical contexts to aid in determining whether assessment and intervention should be conducted in one or more languages.


This research was supported by National Institutes of Health awards 5R01HD068458 and HD068458-02S1 to the senior author and 1F31HD081933 to the first author and does not necessarily represent the views of the National Institutes of Health. Additional funding was provided by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (PSI-2011-25376) to the second author and by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (2003–2013) to the third author.


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