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Sentence comprehension and number agreement in SLI (Stegenwallner-Schütz & Adani, 2021)

journal contribution
posted on 25.02.2021, 18:27 by Maja Stegenwallner-Schütz, Flavia Adani
Purpose: This study examines the contribution of number morphology to language comprehension abilities among children with specific language impairment (SLI) and age-matched controls. It addresses the question of whether number agreement facilitates the comprehension accuracy of object-initial declarative sentences. According to the predictions of the structural intervention account for German, number agreement should assist the correct interpretation of object-initial sentences.
Method: This study examines German-speaking children with SLI and a control group of age-matched typically developing children on their sentence comprehension skills for auditory presented subject–verb–object and object–verb–subject (OVS) sentences. The sentences were manipulated with respect to the number properties of the noun phrases (e.g., one plural and one singular, or both singular) and the number agreement of the verb.
Results: The group of children with SLI demonstrated poorer comprehension accuracy in comparison to controls. Comprehension difficulty was limited to OVS sentences among children with SLI. In addition, children with SLI comprehended OVS sentences in which number agreement (with plural subject and verb inflection) indicated the noncanonical word order more accurately than OVS sentences with two singular noun phrases and therein did not differ from controls.
Conclusion: The study suggests that number agreement helps alleviate the difficulty with OVS sentences and enhances comprehension accuracy, despite the finding that children with SLI exhibit lower comprehension accuracy and more heterogeneous interindividual differences, relative to controls.

Supplemental Material S1. Inter-item and item-total correlations; alpha scores associated with the remaining test items once a specific item is dropped.

Supplemental Material S2. A revised analysis of a cross-sectional study on the comprehension of object-initial sentences with and without number dissimilarity that used the same materials as the study reported in the research article.

Stegenwallner-Schütz, M., & Adani, F. (2021). Number dissimilarity effects in object-initial sentence comprehension by German-speaking children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00305

Funding

The recruitment and testing of participants were partially supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Grant AD408/1-1 to the second author. The article preparation process was partially supported by a stipend by the Landesgraduiertenförderung des Landes Brandenburg to the first author.

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