Current practices discourse assessment & analysis (Stark et al., 2021)
journal contributionposted on 2021-09-23, 19:00 authored by Brielle C. Stark, Manaswita Dutta, Laura L. Murray, Davida Fromm, Lucy Bryant, Tyson G. Harmon, Amy E. Ramage, Angela C. Roberts
Purpose: Spoken discourse analysis is commonly employed in the assessment and treatment of people living with aphasia, yet there is no standardization in assessment, analysis, or reporting procedures, thereby precluding comparison/meta-analyses of data and hindering replication of findings. An important first step is to identify current practices in collecting and analyzing spoken discourse in aphasia. Thus, this study surveyed current practices, with the goal of working toward standardizing spoken discourse assessment first in research settings with subsequent implementation into clinical settings.
Method: A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative) survey was publicized to researchers and clinicians around the globe who have collected and/or analyzed spoken discourse data in aphasia. The survey data were collected between September and November 2019.
Results: Of the 201 individuals who consented to participate, 189 completed all mandatory questions in the survey (with fewer completing nonmandatory response questions). The majority of respondents reported barriers to utilizing discourse including transcription, coding, and analysis. The most common barrier was time (e.g., lack of time). Respondents also indicated that there was a lack of, and a need for, psychometric properties and normative data for spoken discourse use in the assessment and treatment of persons with aphasia. Quantitative and qualitative results are described in detail.
Conclusions: The current survey study evaluated spoken discourse methods in aphasia across research and clinical settings. Findings from this study will be used to guide development of process standardization in spoken discourse and for the creation of a psychometric and normative property database.
Supplemental Material S1. Survey.
Supplemental Material S2. Response rates for quantitative questions (for all primary questions, e.g., not those that branched off).
Supplemental Material S3. Response rates for qualitative questions (for all primary questions, e.g., not those that branched off).
Stark, B. C., Dutta, M., Murray, L. L., Fromm, D., Bryant, L., Harmon, T. G., Ramage, A. E., & Roberts, A. C. (2021). Spoken discourse assessment and analysis in aphasia: An international survey of current practices. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_JSLHR-20-00708
aphasialanguagespokendiscourseassessmentanalysisinternationalsurveycurrent practicetreatmentpeople with aphasiastandardizationreportingprocedureclinicalresearcherscliniciansbarrierstranscriptioncodingtimepsychometric propertiesnormative dataquantitativequalitativesettingsdatabaseLanguageClinical Social Work PracticeHealth Care