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AJA-20-00188beukes_SuppS1.pdf (149.8 kB)

Coping with tinnitus during the COVID-19 pandemic (Beukes et al., 2021)

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-05-12, 19:43 authored by Eldré W. Beukes, Joy Onozuka, Torryn P. Brazell, Vinaya ManchaiahVinaya Manchaiah
Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted normal operations of health care services, broad sectors of the economy, and the ability to socialize freely. For those with tinnitus, such changes can be factors in exacerbating tinnitus. The purpose of this study was to determine tinnitus help-seeking behavior, which resources individuals utilized to cope during the pandemic, and what additional support is desired.
Method: An exploratory cross-sectional study design including 1,522 adults with tinnitus living in North America (Canada and the United States) was used. Data were collected through an online survey distributed by the American Tinnitus Association via e-mail. Free text from open-ended questions was analyzed using the automated content analysis. The responses to the structured questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and nonparametric statistics.
Results: Significantly less tinnitus support was sought during the pandemic, and very few respondents utilized tinnitus support networks during the pandemic at the time the survey was conducted. Nonetheless, seeking support during the pandemic was significantly associated with significantly less tinnitus distress. The most frequently utilized resources for coping during the pandemic were contacting family and friends, spending time outdoors or in nature, relaxation, and exercise. Such tools for coping were associated with significantly less tinnitus distress. The support requested and advice provided by participants to health care services had overlap. The main support needs related to managing tinnitus included addressing hearing loss, providing peer support, finding cures, and accessing trained and understanding health care providers to help. The advice for professionals related to tinnitus management included the need for cures, personalized support, addressing hearing loss, targeting the tinnitus percept, and providing more information about the condition.
Conclusions: These findings provide suggestions on how to better support those with tinnitus at a time when health care is undergoing rapid changes. Findings can be used by stakeholders, clinical practitioners, and tinnitus support services to devise ways to work more effectively together to improve access to patient-driven, suitable, accessible, and evidence-based support.

Supplemental Material S1. Survey questions.

Beukes, E. W., Onozuka, J., Brazell, T. P., & Manchaiah, V. (2021). Coping with tinnitus during the COVID-19 pandemic. American Journal of Audiology. Advance online publication.


This work was partly funded by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders under Award R21DC017214 to V. M.