PART for Spanish-speaking middle-aged adults (Lelo de Larrea-Mancera et al., 2023)
Purpose: Standard clinical audiologic assessment is limited in its ability to capture variance in self-reported hearing difficulty. Additionally, the costs associated with clinical testing in audiology create financial barriers for hearing health care in developing countries like Mexico. This study used an open-source Spanish-language tool called PART (Portable Automated Rapid Testing) to test the hypothesis that a battery of assessments of auditory processing can complement standard clinical audiological assessment to better capture the variance of self-reported hearing difficulty.
Method: Forty-three adults between 40 and 69 years of age were tested in Mexico City using a traditional clinical pure-tone audiogram, cognitive screening, and a battery of PART-based auditory processing assessments including a speech-on-speech competition spatial release from masking task. Results were compared to self-reported hearing difficulty, assessed with a Spanish-language adaptation of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly–Screening Version (HHIE-S).
Results: Several measures from the PART battery exhibited stronger correlations with self-reported hearing difficulties than the pure-tone audiogram. The spatial release from masking task best captured variance in HHIE-S scores and remained significant after controlling for the effects of age, audibility, and cognitive score.
Conclusions: The spatial release from masking task can complement traditional clinical measures to better account for patient’s self-reported hearing difficulty. Open-source access to this test in PART supports its implementation for Spanish speakers in clinical settings around the world at low cost.
Supplemental Material S1. The equivalent analysis depicted in the main manuscript in Figure 2 is shown here using raw rather than z-scores. The results of significant testing are very similar and do not change the direction of the outcomes.
Lelo de Larrea-Mancera, E. S., Solís-Vivanco, R., Sánchez-Jiménez, Y., Padilla-Bustos, K., Correa-Medina, E. I., Clamage, D. S., Bologna, W. J., Gallun, F. J., & Seitz, A. R. (2023). Testing the informativeness of diverse measures of auditory processing for clinical audiological practice in middle-aged adults in Mexico. American Journal of Audiology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2023_AJA-23-00135