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Typical items and their production frequencies in English and in Spanish

posted on 2017-06-08, 19:07 authored by Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D. Peña, Lisa M. Bedore
Spanish–English bilingual child and adult participants in the study were asked to generate as many words as they could for the given categories, first in one language and then in the other. First, the data obtained from 20 adult participants were analyzed to obtain the typical items. The production frequency of each item was calculated as the number of participants out of 20 who had generated that item for the respective category. Next, the five items from each category that had the highest production frequency were tabulated and identified as typical items. The list of 35 typical items in English and Spanish, with their production frequencies, are presented here.

Shivabasappa, P., Peña, E. D., & Bedore, L. M. (2017). Typicality effect and category structure in Spanish–English bilingual children and adults. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60, 1577–1589.


This research was funded by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant R21HD053223 (awarded to Elizabeth D. Peña [PI] and Lisa M. Bedore [Co-PI]).