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AJA-21-00041Manchaiah_SuppS1.pdf (506.07 kB)

Experiences with hearing health care services (Manchaiah et al., 2021)

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posted on 2021-09-07, 17:46 authored by Vinaya ManchaiahVinaya Manchaiah, Rebecca J. Bennett, Pierre Ratinaud, De Wet Swanepoel
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine experiences of hearing health care services as described in online consumer reviews.
Design: This study used a cross-sectional design. Online consumer reviews about hearing health care services generated from to an open-ended question “Share details of your own experience at this place” and perceived overall experience (indicated on a 5-point rating scale: “very good” to “very poor”) were extracted from 40 different cities across the United States. The open text contributed a text corpus of 9,622 unique consumer reviews. These responses were analyzed with the cluster analysis approach using an open-source automated text analysis software program, IRaMuTeQ, to identify key themes. Association between clusters and consumer experience ratings as well as consumer metadata (percentage of older adults in the city, region) were examined using the chi-square analysis.
Results: The majority of consumers appeared satisfied with their hearing health care services, with nearly 95% of consumers reporting “very good” and “good” on the global experience scale. The analysis of text responses resulted in seven clusters within two domains. Domain 1 (Clinical Processes) included the three clusters: administration processes, perceived benefits, and device acquisition. Domain 2 (Staff and Service Interactions) included the four clusters: clinician communications, staff professionalism, customer service, and provider satisfaction. Content relating to administration processes was associated with overall rating regarding the hearing health care service experience. Consumer’s reviews relating to administration processes mostly described negative experiences, and these participants were more inclined to provide poorer overall experience ratings. In addition, city characteristics (i.e., percentage of older adults, region) had bearing toward what elements of hearing health care services are highlighted more in the consumer reviews.
Conclusions: Consumers comment on a variety of elements when describing their experiences with hearing health care services. Experiences reported in most clusters were generally positive, although some concerns in the “clinical process” are associated with lower satisfaction. Employing patient-centered strategies and ensuring patients have good experiences in the areas of concern may help improve both patient experience and their satisfaction.

Supplemental Material S1. List of U.S. cities from which the consumer reviews on hearing health care services were extracted (

Manchaiah, V., Bennett, R. J., Ratinaud, P., & Swanepoel, D. W. (2021). Experiences with hearing health care services: What can we learn from online consumer reviews? American Journal of Audiology. Advance online publication.