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S1_AJA-23-00162widodo.xlsx (12.62 kB)

Ear subunits correlation with ABR in microtia (Widodo & Zizlavsky, 2024)

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posted on 2024-04-26, 13:52 authored by Dini Widiarni Widodo, Semiramis Zizlavsky

Purpose: The association between microtia severity and hearing function has been thoroughly investigated. This study examined the relationship between microtia grade, number of ear subunits (i.e., helix, antihelix, scapha, triangularis fossa, concha, lobule, tragus, and antitragus) with auditory brainstem response (ABR) findings in children with microtia.

Study Design: A retrospective chart review was employed in this study.

Method: We analyzed the ABR test results and photographs of 22 children with 30 microtia ears at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta. The ABR test results were acquired using click (air conduction only) and 500-Hz tone burst stimuli (air- and bone-conduction). Ear photographs were overlaid with a template of a normal ear to determine the number of ear subunits present and the subsequent microtia grade. Number of ear subunits and ABR results were analyzed using the chi-square, Mann–Whitney U, and Spearman’s correlation tests.

Results: ABR thresholds for click and 500-Hz tone bursts air-conduction were significantly poorer for ears with a subunit < 5 compared to ears with a subunit ≥ 5. No significant difference was observed in 500 Hz bone-conduction ABR thresholds between these groups. Correlation analysis showed a significant negative correlation between increased ear subunits and click ABR thresholds. No significant correlation was found between ear subunits and 500-Hz air- and bone-conduction ABR thresholds.

Conclusions: A higher number of ear subunits are associated with a lower hearing threshold, as assessed using ABR with click stimuli. Therefore, the number of ear subunits and microtia grades can be used to examine the hearing level thresholds in infants and children with microtia.

Supplemental Material S1. Individual characteristics of infant and children with microtia.

Widodo, D. W., & Zizlavsky, S. (2024). Correlation of grading and number of ear subunits with auditory brainstem response findings in children with microtia. American Journal of Audiology, 33(2), 503–509.