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Open science practices in CSD (El Amin et al., 2022)

online resource
posted on 23.11.2022, 22:31 authored by Mariam El Amin, James C. Borders, Helen L. Long, Mary Alice Keller, Elaine Kearney

Purpose: Open science is a collection of practices that seek to improve the accessibility, transparency, and replicability of science. Although these practices have garnered interest in related fields, it remains unclear whether open science practices have been adopted in the field of communication sciences and disorders (CSD). This study aimed to survey the knowledge, implementation, and perceived benefits and barriers of open science practices in CSD.

Method: An online survey was disseminated to researchers in the United States actively engaged in CSD research. Four-core open science practices were examined: preregistration, self-archiving, gold open access, and open data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression models.

Results: Two hundred twenty-two participants met the inclusion criteria. Most participants were doctoral students (38%) or assistant professors (24%) at R1 institutions (58%). Participants reported low knowledge of preregistration and gold open access. There was, however, a high level of desire to learn more for all practices. Implementation of open science practices was also low, most notably for preregistration, gold open access, and open data (< 25%). Predictors of knowledge and participation, as well as perceived barriers to implementation, are discussed.

Conclusion: Although participation in open science appears low in the field of CSD, participants expressed a strong desire to learn more in order to engage in these practices in the future.

Open Science Form

Supplemental Material S1. Open Science Survey

Supplemental Material S2. Pre-Registration: Knowledge, Barriers, and Perceived Benefit by Research Position

Supplemental Material S3. Self-Archiving: Knowledge, Barriers, and Perceived Benefit by Research Position

Supplemental Material S4. Gold Open Access: Knowledge, Barriers, and Perceived Benefit by Research Position

Supplemental Material S5. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Carnegie Classifications and Knowledge in Gold Open Access

Supplemental Material S6. Open Data: Knowledge, Barriers, and Perceived Benefit by Research Position

Supplemental Material S7. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Carnegie Classifications and Knowledge in Sharing Open Data

Supplemental Material S8. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Research Position and Knowledge in Sharing Open Data

Supplemental Material S9. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Differences Between Open Science Practices in Perceived Knowledge

Supplemental Material S10. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Differences Between Open Science Practices in Perceived Benefit to Daily Life

Supplemental Material S11. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Differences Between Open Science Practices in Perceived Benefit to One’s Research Field

Supplemental Material S12. Post-Hoc Comparisons for Differences Between Open Science Practices in Perceived Benefit to Public Society 

El Amin, M., Border, J. C., Long, H. L., Keller, M. A., & Kearney, E. (2022). Open science practices in communication sciences and disorders: A survey. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2022_JSLHR-22-00062

Publisher Note: This article is part of the Forum: Promoting Reproducibility for the Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences.

Funding

Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (T32HD007489, appointee: Long) and the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Mary Alice Keller discloses that this research was supported (in whole or in part) by HCA Healthcare and/or an HCA Healthcare– affiliated entity.

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