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Drug-induced communication atypicalities (Fusaroli et al., 2023)

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posted on 2023-07-31, 23:00 authored by Michele Fusaroli, Arndis Simonsen, Stephanie A. Borrie, Daniel M. Low, Alberto Parola, Emanuel Raschi, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Riccardo Fusaroli

Purpose: Communication atypicalities are considered promising markers of a broad range of clinical conditions. However, little is known about the mechanisms and confounders underlying them. Medications might have a crucial, relatively unknown role both as potential confounders and offering an insight on the mechanisms at work. The integration of regulatory documents with disproportionality analyses provides a more comprehensive picture to account for in future investigations of communication-related markers. The aim of this study was to identify a list of drugs potentially associated with communicative atypicalities within psychotic and affective disorders.

Method: We developed a query using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities to search for communicative atypicalities within the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (updated June 2021). A Bonferroni-corrected disproportionality analysis (reporting odds ratio) was separately performed on spontaneous reports involving psychotic, affective, and non-neuropsychiatric disorders, to account for the confounding role of different underlying conditions. Drug–adverse event associations not already reported in the Side Effect Resource database of labeled adverse drug reactions (unexpected) were subjected to further robustness analyses to account for expected biases.

Results: A list of 291 expected and 91 unexpected potential confounding medications was identified, including drugs that may irritate (inhalants) or desiccate (anticholinergics) the larynx, impair speech motor control (antipsychotics), or induce nodules (acitretin) or necrosis (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitors) on vocal cords; sedatives and stimulants; neurotoxic agents (anti-infectives); and agents acting on neurotransmitter pathways (dopamine agonists).

Conclusions: We provide a list of medications to account for in future studies of communication-related markers in affective and psychotic disorders. The current test case illustrates rigorous procedures for digital phenotyping, and the methodological tools implemented for large-scale disproportionality analyses can be considered a road map for investigations of communication-related markers in other clinical populations.

Supplemental Material S1. Section A – Overview of the studies assessing the effect of medication on speech patterns in schizophrenia; Section B – MedDRA Query developed for the retrieval of communicative atypicalities reports; Section C – Population investigated; and Section D – Disproportionality and robustness analyses.

Supplemental Material S2. Reporting odds ratios.

Fusaroli, M., Simonsen, A., Borrie, S. A., Low, D. M., Parola, A., Raschi, E., Poluzzi, E., & Fusaroli, R. (2023). Identifying medications underlying communication atypicalities in psychotic and affective disorders: A pharmacovigilance study within the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 66(9), 3242–3259. https://doi.org/10.1044/2023_JSLHR-22-00739

Funding

Michele Fusaroli, Elisabetta Poluzzi, and Emanuel Raschi were supported by institutional research funds (Ricerca Fondamentale Orientata). Arndis Simonsen was supported by a Postdoctoral Fellowship from the Carlsberg Foundation. Alberto Parola was supported by a Marie Curie Fellowship from the European Research Council. Daniel M. Low was supported by a RallyPoint Fellowship.

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