Developing AAC in languages other than English (Amery et al., 2022)
Introduction: Access to augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems in languages other than English and multilingual AAC systems remains limited for many people with complex communication needs, despite a growing interest in this field, and an acknowledged need for culturally responsive AAC practice.
Purpose: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify published research that has reported on the development of components or whole AAC systems in languages other than English, and the linguistic and cultural factors that influenced research methods and AAC system development.
Method: Nine databases were systematically searched for published research that presented development of components or whole AAC systems in languages other than English. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool was used to assess the quality of studies. Charted data from studies included journal and publication date, research team, language of AAC system, aims of the study, study methodologies, study participants, and type of AAC systems developed. An analytical framework was developed to identify the cultural and linguistic factors that influenced research methods and or AAC system outcomes.
Results: A total of 22 studies were included (13 qualitative, one quantitative nonrandomized, six quantitative descriptive, and two mixed-methods studies). Overall quality of studies was high. Some qualitative studies were of lower quality due to limited analysis or interpretation of results. Linguistic factors were extensively reported in the existing literature, whereas cultural factors were rarely explicitly reported.
Conclusion: Factors contributing to lack of reporting of cultural considerations are posited with suggestions for future research.
Supplemental Material S1. String search terms for EBSCOHost databases (Academic Search Premier, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Communication and Mass Media Complete, ERIC, and PsycInfo).
Supplemental Material S2. Quality appraisal of studies.
Amery, R., Thirumanickam, A., Barker, R., Lowell, A., Theodoros, D., & Raghavendra, P. (2022). Developing augmentative and alternative communication systems in languages other than English: A scoping review. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2022_AJSLP-21-00396