Inspiratory phonation (Patel et al., 2023)
Purpose: Given the importance of inspiratory phonation for assessment of vocal fold structure, the aim of this investigation was to evaluate and describe the vocal fold vibratory characteristics of inspiratory phonation using high-speed videoendoscopy in healthy volunteers. The study also examined the empirical relationship between cepstral peak prominence (CPP) and glottal area waveform measurements derived from simultaneous high-speed videoendoscopy and audio recordings.
Method: Vocally healthy adults (33 women, 28 men) volunteered for this investigation and completed high-speed videoendoscopic assessment of vocal fold function for two trials of an expiratory/inspiratory phonation task at normal pitch and normal loudness. Twelve glottal area waveform measures and acoustic CPP values were extracted for analyses.
Results: Inspiratory phonation resulted in shorter closing time, longer duration of the opening phase, and faster closing phase velocity compared to expiratory phonation. Sex differences were elucidated. CPP changes for inspiratory phonation were predicted by changes in the glottal area index and waveform symmetry index, whereas changes in CPP during expiratory phonation were predicted by changes in asymmetry quotient, glottal area index, and amplitude periodicity.
Conclusions: Vocal fold vibratory differences were identified for inspiratory phonation when compared to expiratory phonation, the latter of which has been studied more extensively. This investigation provides important basic inspiratory phonation data to better understand laryngeal physiology in vivo and provides a basic model from which to further study inspiratory phonation in a larger population representing a broader age range.
Supplemental Material S1. Acoustic recording of expiratory phonation and inspiratory phonation during endoscopy from a female participant.
Supplemental Material S2. Acoustic recording of expiratory phonation and inspiratory phonation during endoscopy from a male participant.
Supplemental Material S3. High-speed video recording of an expiratory phonation from a female participant.
Supplemental Material S4. High-speed video recording of an inspiratory phonation from a female participant.
Supplemental Material S5. High-speed video recording of an expiratory phonation from a male participant.
Supplemental Material S6. High-speed video recording of an inspiratory phonation from a male participant.
Patel, R. R., Sandage, M. J., & Golzarri-Arroyo, L. (2023). High-speed videoendoscopic and acoustic characteristics of inspiratory phonation. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 66(4), 1192–1207. https://doi.org/10.1044/2022_JSLHR-22-00502