Autism and neurodiversity: Concerns and implications (DeThorne & Searsmith, 2020)
journal contributionposted on 30.12.2020, 02:05 by Laura S. DeThorne, Kelly Searsmith
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to address some common concerns associated with the neurodiversity paradigm and to offer related implications for service provision to school-age autistic students. In particular, we highlight the need to (a) view first-person autistic perspectives as an integral component of evidence-based practice, (b) use the individualized education plan as a means to actively address environmental contributions to communicative competence, and (c) center intervention around respect for autistic sociality and self-expression. We support these points with cross-disciplinary scholarship and writings from autistic individuals.
Conclusions: We recognize that school-based speech-language pathologists are bound by institutional constraints, such as eligibility determination and Individualized Education Program processes that are not inherently consistent with the neurodiversity paradigm. Consequently, we offer examples for implementing the neurodiversity paradigm while working within these existing structures. In sum, this article addresses key points of tension related to the neurodiversity paradigm in a way that we hope will directly translate into improved service provision for autistic students.
Supplemental Material S1. Sampling of resources on autistic first-person perspectives.
DeThorne, L. S., & Searsmith, K. (2020). Autism and neurodiversity: Addressing concerns and offering implications for the school-based speech-language pathologist. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_PERSP-20-00188
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autismautism spectrum disorderASDneurodiversityspeech-language pathologistSLPschoolschool-basedconcernsimplicationsparadigmservice provisionautisticstudentsschool ageperspectivesevidence-based practiceindividualized education planIEPenvironmentalcontributionscommunicationcompetencecommunicativeinterventionrespectsocialityself-expressioncross-disciplinaryscholarshipwritingeligibilitytensionserviceclientperspectiveLinguistic Processes (incl. Speech Production and Comprehension)LanguageNeuroscience