The use of priming and recasts (Wada et al., 2020)
journal contributionposted on 22.07.2020 by Rebekah Wada, Sandra Laing Gillam, Ronald B. Gillam
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the use of structural priming combined with a focused recasting procedure to elicit subject- and object-focused, center-embedded relative clauses from students with developmental language disorders (DLDs) and typically developing (TD) students.
Method: A total of 26 children (13 DLD, 13 TD), ranging in age from 6;10 to 10;11 (years;months), participated in this study. All children completed a priming and recasting task that targeted subject- and object-focused relatives. The stimuli were presented in two blocks, which each contained 40 trials for each sentence type.
Results: Children with DLD and their TD peers were significantly more accurate producing subject-focused than object-focused relatives. An analysis of rate of learning indicated that significantly more trials were required for subjects in the DLD group to demonstrate consistent performance on both subject- and object-focused relatives.
Conclusions: The study supports the feasibility of combining an implicit priming task with an explicit recasting task for teaching subject-focused relative clauses to children with DLD. However, it is likely that additional instruction and/or more trials will be necessary for children with DLD to attain consistent performance levels.
Supplemental Material S1. Subject-focused stimuli and object-focused stimuli.
Wada, R., Gillam, S. L., & Gillam, R. B. (2020). The use of structural priming and focused recasts to facilitate the production of subject- and object-focused relative clauses by school-age children with and without developmental language disorder. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJSLP-19-00090