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Sequential bilateral cochlear implantation (Zhang et al., 2020)

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posted on 28.08.2020 by Zhikai Zhang, Chaogang Wei, Yanmei Zhang, Zhengang Zeng, Keli Cao, Yuhe Liu
Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess whether sequential cochlear implantation (CI) with a prolonged interimplant interval (M = 15.2 years) between the first and second CIs benefited speech recognition and health-related quality of life.
Method: This prospective study included 14 prelingually deafened participants who received their second CI after a prolonged interimplant interval (M = 15.2 years). Additionally, speech recognition ability over a 12-month period of bilateral implant use was investigated. The results of the speech recognition test in both quiet and noisy conditions were statistically analyzed for each CI alone and both CIs together. Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire scores were also collected at activation and at 12 months after activation.
Results: Improvements in speech recognition ability were observed following the use of the first implant alone and with the use of both implants together; however, progress was much slower with the use of the second implant alone, following its introduction. Furthermore, a significant difference in the trajectory of speech recognition ability was observed between the first and the second implanted ear. According to Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire scores, all participants benefitted from bilateral CI after 12 months.
Conclusions: Prolonged interimplant intervals resulted in asymmetrical speech recognition abilities. A significant improvement in the speech recognition scores was observed with the first implanted ear, and much slower progress was observed with the second implanted ear. However, the “poorer” second implanted ear could provide a considerable beneficial effect on the improved speech recognition and health-related quality of life with the bilateral CI.

Supplemental Material S1. Arcsine transform; comparison of recognition scores with three modalities over time; predictors of diverge time point.

Zhang, Z., Wei, C., Zhang, Y., Zeng, Z., Cao, K., & Liu, Y. (2020). Sequential bilateral cochlear implantation with prolonged time intervals. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00140

Funding

This research received grants from the following funding sources: National Natural Science Foundation of China (81470691); Beijing Natural Science Foundation (7172216); Key Project of Interschool Cooperation, Beijing Normal University (201800009); Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission (Z191100006619027). Liu Yuhe is the recipient of these grants.

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