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Longitudinal intelligibility growth (Mahr et al., 2020)

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journal contribution
posted on 12.08.2020 by Tristan J. Mahr, Paul J. Rathouz, Katherine C. Hustad
Aim: The aim of the study was to examine longitudinal growth in intelligibility in connected speech from 2 to 8 years of age in children with cerebral palsy.
Method: Sixty-five children with cerebral palsy participated in the longitudinal study. Children were classified into speech-language profile groups using age-4 data: no speech motor impairment (SMI), SMI with typical language comprehension, and SMI with impaired language comprehension. We fit a Bayesian nonlinear mixed-effects model of intelligibility growth at the child and group levels. We compared groups by age of steepest growth, maximum growth rate, and predicted intelligibility at 8 years of age.
Results: The no SMI group showed earlier and steeper intelligibility growth and higher average outcomes compared to the SMI groups. The SMI groups had more variable growth trajectories, but the SMI with typical language comprehension group had higher age-8 outcomes and steeper rates of maximum growth than the SMI with impaired language comprehension group. Language comprehension impairment at age of 4 years predicted lower intelligibility outcomes at age of 8 years, compared to typical language at age of 4 years.
Interpretation: Children with SMI at age of 4 years show highly variable intelligibility growth trajectories, and comorbid language comprehension impairment predicts lower intelligibility outcomes.

Supplemental Material S1. Model specification and code used to fit the model.

Mahr, T. J., Rathaus, P. J., & Hustad, K. C. (2020). Longitudinal growth in intelligibility of connected speech from 2 to 8 years in children with cerebral palsy: A novel Bayesian approach. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-20-00181

Funding

This study was funded by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant R01 DC009411 to Katherine Hustad. Support was also provided by a core grant to the Waisman Center (U54 HD090256) from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

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