Multidimensional scaling plots of nonerror productions for all participants (Cler et al., 2017)

Example multidimensional scaling (MDS) plots of nonerror productions for all participants. Each data point indicates one nonerror syllable production, color coded by syllable class. Distance between points is monotonically related to the L1-norm distance between high-dimensional kinematic feature vectors recorded and resampled for each syllable. Blue diamonds: /bi/, green circles: /bu/, orange stars: /da/, black triangles: /du/, purple arrows: /za/, red squares: /zi/. Lighter markers indicate trials produced under delay, while dark markers show trials with no delay.

Cler, G. J., Lee, J. C., Mittelman, T., Stepp, C. E., & Bohland, J. W. (2017). Kinematic analysis of speech sound sequencing errors induced by delayed auditory feedback. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60(6S), 1695–1711.