Judgment of emotion in speech: Three-factor bar graphs for emotion categories "fear," "disgust," "sadness," "happiness," and "neutral" (Morgan & Ferguson, 2017)
figureposted on 06.07.2017, 16:23 by Shae D. Morgan, Sarah Hargus Ferguson
"Communication partners of individuals with hearing loss are often counseled and trained to 'speak clearly' to help their partners receive this intelligibility benefit and improve communication. However, audiology patients sometimes complain anecdotally of communication partners sounding angry when in fact these communication partners are only trying to speak clearly. In the present study, we investigated the basis for these complaints by examining whether listeners perceive anger or other emotional content when they listen to speech that has been spoken clearly."
In this study, the authors investigated the emotion perceived by young listeners with normal hearing (YNH listeners) and older adults with hearing impairment (OHI listeners) when listening to speech produced conversationally or in a clear speaking style.
In the article, the authors focus primarily on speech receiving a judgment of "anger" from the participants. Here, they present the results of other categories of emotion that were included: "fear" (S1), "disgust" (S2), "sadness" (S3), "happiness" (S4), and "neutral" (S5).
Morgan, S. D., & Ferguson, S. H. (2017). Judgments of emotion in clear and conversational speech by young adults with normal hearing and older adults with hearing impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60, 2271–2280. https://doi.org/10.1044/2017_JSLHR-H-16-0264