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Influence of efferent inhibition on SPIN (Yashaswini & Maruthy, 2019)

posted on 28.08.2019, 17:16 by L. Yashaswini, Sandeep Maruthy
Purpose: The study aimed to assess the relationship between the level-dependent function of efferent inhibition and speech perception in noise across different intensities of suppressor and across different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of speech.
Method: Twenty-six young normal-hearing adults participated in the study. Contralateral suppression of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) was measured for 3 levels of suppressor (40, 50, and 60 dB SPL). Speech identification score (SIS) was measured at 5 ipsilateral SNR conditions (quiet, 0, −5, −10, and −15 dB), with and without contralateral broadband noise at 3 levels (40, 50, and 60 dB SPL). Furthermore, SNR-50 was measured with and without the same 3 levels of contralateral broadband noise.
Results: The results showed that the suppression magnitude of TEOAE increased with an increase in suppressor level. However, neither SIS nor SNR-50 was influenced by the contralateral noise. In addition, SIS and SNR-50 did not show significant correlation with contralateral suppression of TEOAEs. This was true at all the SNRs and contralateral noise levels used in the study.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that the intensity of noise directly influences medial olivocochlear bundle– mediated efferent inhibition. However, the role of the medial olivocochlear bundle in regulating speech perception in noise needs to be revisited.

Supplemental Material S1. Box plot magnitude of OAE suppression across contralateral acoustic stimulus (CAS) conditions (40, 50, and 60).
Supplemental Material S2. Box plot speech perception scores at different SNRs (0, −5, −10, and −15 dB) across CAS conditions (40, 50, and 60).

Supplemental Material S3. Box plot SNR 50 scores across CAS conditions (40, 50, and 60).

Yashaswini, L., & Maruthy, S. (2019). The influence of efferent inhibition on speech perception in noise: A revisit through its level-dependent function. American Journal of Audiology, 28, 508−515. https://doi.org/10.1044/2019_AJA-IND50-18-0098

Publisher Note: This article is part of the Special Issue: Celebrating Fifty Years of Science and Practice With the Indian Speech and Hearing Association.