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Simulation and confidence with infants (Clinard, 2022)

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posted on 28.02.2022, 19:57 by Erin S. Clinard
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare student knowledge and confidence, related to the assessment and management of oral feeding readiness in medically complex infants, following a written case study versus a high-fidelity human patient simulation (HPS).
Method: A sequential, two-phase, embedded mixed methods design was conducted. Participants were two sequential cohorts of second-year speech-language pathology graduate students enrolled in a didactic Pediatric Dysphagia course. At the end of the course, students completed the same case scenario presented as a written case study (control group; N = 28) or as an HPS (experimental group; N = 24). Pre– and post–knowledge assessment results and self-assessments of confidence conducted at three time points were compared.
Results: All students made gains in knowledge, regardless of intervention (written case study or HPS). Despite different baselines, the percent change in knowledge was significant with the control group improving 33% and the experimental group improving 76% from baseline. Students in the experimental group demonstrated significantly greater gains in confidence with skills enhanced by the hands-on, immersive experience of HPS. Qualitative analysis further identified factors contributing to increased confidence with all students reporting that experience significantly contributes to their confidence in their ability to treat patients.
Conclusions: While knowledge outcomes were similar between the groups, the confidence that the experimental group gained through the hands-on experiences of HPS fosters student development as confident professionals in assessing feeding readiness and managing medically complex infants. Results support integration of simulation into the graduate curriculum to support student learning.

Supplemental Material S1. Number of participants who responded correctly for each item on the Knowledge Assessment.

Clinard, E. S. (2022). Increasing student confidence with medically complex infants through simulation: A mixed methods investigation. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_AJSLP-21-00234

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