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Considerations for analyzing EMA data (Oleson et al., 2021)

dataset
posted on 15.12.2021, 19:43 by Jacob J. Oleson, Michelle A. Jones, Erik J. Jorgensen, Yu-Hsiang Wu
Purpose: The analysis of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) data can be difficult to conceptualize due to the complexity of how the data are collected. The goal of this tutorial is to provide an overview of statistical considerations for analyzing observational data arising from EMA studies.
Method: EMA data are collected in a variety of ways, complicating the statistical analysis. We focus on fundamental statistical characteristics of the data and general purpose statistical approaches to analyzing EMA data. We implement those statistical approaches using a recent study involving EMA.
Results: The linear or generalized linear mixed-model statistical approach can adequately capture the challenges resulting from EMA collected data if properly set up. Additionally, while sample size depends on both the number of participants and the number of survey responses per participant, having more participants is more important than the number of responses per participant.
Conclusion: Using modern statistical methods when analyzing EMA data and adequately considering all of the statistical assumptions being used can lead to interesting and important findings when using EMA.

Supplemental Material S1. Power for given effect sizes, number of participants, and number of surveys per individual for a two independent groups comparison.

Supplemental Material S2. Power for given effect sizes, number of participants, and number of surveys per individual for a paired groups comparison.

Oleson, J. J., Jones, M. A., Jorgensen, E. J., & Wu, Y.-H. (2021). Statistical considerations for analyzing Ecological Momentary Assessment data. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_JSLHR-21-00081

Funding

This research was supported by grants from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (P50 DC 00242 and 1F32DC018980-01A1).

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